Illness can be caught from any cause, but when we talk about symptoms of food poisoning, it’s a disease caused due to the consumption of contaminated food containing bacteria, parasites or the mixing of harmful chemicals in the food you consume. Some of the common pathogens which are the major cause of this disease include salmonella, campylobacter and staphylococcus aureus.
Indications and Signs of Oral Food Poisoning:
The signs and indications of the cause of food poisoning varies in various directions including the combinations of abdominal pains etc.
- Stomach aches:
One of the most severe and inflammatory pain is at the abdominal section. The abdominal muscles are cramped up and it can cause electrolyte loss.
One of the most alerting symptoms is nausea.
Due to the consumption of bad food, you can become the prey of diarrhea. This is an alarming indication of food poisoning. It lasts for at least 2 weeks.
A person suffering from symptoms of food poisoning gets severe headaches various times in a day. This can cause a great damage to the health of an individual and in some severe cases it can become life threatening too.
A person suffering from food poisoning experiences an infection in the GI tract, which results in high fever. This is a situation when you need to get a proper checkup.
- Changes in stool:
An individual suffering from this illness has several changes in the stool. Mucous and sometimes blood comes in the stool. You might also see intestinal or colonic mucosa.
Symptoms of arthritis are seen with Salmonella, and Yersinia infections.
These issues arise due to giardiasis and its signs lead to oral food poisoning.
Other Symptoms and Issues Due to Food Poisoning:
There are many other issues which are caused due to food poisoning which can be life threatening and sometimes it can lead to permanent disability or death. There are many cases of death caused by oral food poisoning so you should not take it lightly.
Identification and Diagnosis
General findings are diagnosed by examining the patients who are a victim of food poisoning and are observing severe dehydration. The indications include the following:
An individual suffering from such a disease has a dry mouth and some less axillary sweet and decreased discharge of urine.
Talking about more depletion leads to orthostasis, hypertension and tachycardia. You also experience vomiting.
Salmonella typhi infections arises in the upper abdominal area and it can also lead to hepatosplenomegaly.
People who are suffering from oral food poisoning also fell prey of life threatening diseases which include Erythema nodosum and exudative pharyngitis.
V alginolyticus and Vibrovulnificus:
These diseases are the symptoms of food poisoning and they further result in harmful diseases likes otitis media and cellulitis. An individual who is suffering from food poisoning must get his rectal examination for visualizing the stool and also test the occult blood and palpate the rectal mucosa.
If you are looking forward to get a routine laboratory test, then be quick. It help you access the inflammatory response and the degree of hydration. There is a list of tests which you are supposed to perform. Here are some of them:
- CBC (Complete Blood Count) with differential
- Assessment of serum electrolyte
- Assessment of creatinine levels and BUN
- Staining of stool Gram
- WBC staining (leoffler methylene blue)
- Stool examination for the detection of ova and parasites
- Bacterial culture examination for the identification of enteric pathogens
- C difficile assay for the antibiotic associated diarrhea
A person who is suffering from oral food poisoning must obtain upright abdominal and flat abdominal radiographs. These results let the doctor identify if the patient is experiencing bloating or any other type of obstructive symptom.
While you are going through a stool examining process, you need to perform the following procedures:
- Sigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy with biopsy
- EGD with duodenal aspirate and biopsy
There are many food borne diseases which do not require any particular treatment because they are mild. But at the same time there are many people who are suffering from severe diseases which requires the patient to be hospitalized immediately so that they can be treated accordingly. Therefore, don’t take good poisoning lightly, thinking it will be over soon.
The basic aim to manage patients who are suffering from food poisoning is a process to rehydrate them and treat them with the electrolyte supplementation so that they can be treated immediately to avoid any further major illness.
The patients who are suffering from food poisoning should avoid the intake of dairy products and the food which contain lactose. If any individual intakes it then disaccharides deficiency redevelops due to the washing out of the brush border enzymes.
There are many medications which can be taken for the treatment of these patients who are suffering from food poisoning. These medications include the following:
- Anti-secretory agents